The stock market lost the momentum as the end of the month approaches, where the S&P 500 reached 7.2 percent January gains, its best gain since October 2015. In the case it closes positive, January would be the 10th straight month of gains for the Dow and S&P, the best consecutive monthly winning streak since 1959.
More than a fifth of the S&P 500 companies release earnings, with reports from Facebook, Apple, Amazon and Alphabet on Wednesday and Thursday, and from big oil, including ExxonMobil and Chevron, on Friday.
The end of the month rebalancing is among the major factors stocks closed sharply lower Tuesday, falling for a second day as the first major sell-off for the new year. Investor’s position for the end of a month where stocks soared and bonds sold off. Some strategists expect to see a continued reallocation from pension funds, which set their allocations in January. Treasury bonds have sold off, with the 10-year yield reaching close to its high of 2.47 percent Friday, and the 2-year piercing 2.13 percent, after starting the year at 1.89. Yields move opposite prices.
Stocks closed out Friday with record highs in the Dow, S&P 500 and Nasdaq. The S&P gained 2.2 percent for the week to 2.872 percent. The Dow rose 2 percent for the week to 26,616 and is now up 7.7 percent for January. On Tuesday, Shares of UnitedHealth were the worst performers on the Dow, falling 4.4 percent. UnitedHealth fell after Amazon, J.P. Morgan Chase and Berkshire Hathaway announced plans to partner on ways to cut health care costs.